Green chemistry – green chemistry is chemistry that pursues the design of products and specific chemical processes that reduce or eliminate the use or generation of hazardous substances.
Green chemistry applies to the entire life cycle of a chemical product, including design, production, use and final disposal.
GOALS OF GREEN CHEMISTRY
- It prevents pollution already at the molecular level
- Is a philosophy that applies to all areas of chemistry
- Applies innovative scientific solutions to real-world environmental problems
- Prevent the generation of pollution
- Reduce the negative impacts of chemical products and processes on human health and the environment
- Reduce and sometimes eliminate risks from existing products and processes
- Design chemical products and processes to reduce their inherent risks
In the U.S. the basis of green chemistry is the POLLUTION PREVENTION ACT
The equivalent of the U.S. Prevention of Pollution Act (PPA) in Europe is the Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) Directive, which has been incorporated into European legislation as Directive 2008/1/EC. This directive establishes a framework for integrated pollution prevention and control for a range of industrial activities, including cosmetics manufacturing establishments. The directive establishes requirements for the prevention of pollution and reduction of environmental impacts through the adoption of technical and organizational measures, the use of clean technologies, and the adoption of an environmental management approach.
The Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) Directive was later replaced by Directive 2008/1/EC with Directive (EU) 2010/75/EU, known as the Industrial Emissions Directive (IED), which establishes a framework for integrated pollution prevention and control for a range of industrial activities, including cosmetics manufacturing establishments. Official link.